Vocabulary & Definitions
from Many Religions
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
NOTE: People who were canonized by Christian churches after their death do not have the honorific "St." included in this research. This is not a Christo-centric web site!
RC Saint. Roman Catholic theologian in the ___th century who propsed the "Quinqu Viae", or Five Ways, which he felt proved the existence of God from those effects that are known to us.
Paraphrased, Aquinas' Five Ways are: 1) Motion inplies a first mover, 2) A sequence of causes and effects implies an uncaused first cause, 3) Some being must have created things that do exist but which logically should not exist, 4) Human verbal comparisons of quality and character imply that there is a perfect model, and 5) Non-manmade inanimate and unintelligible objects have a purpose that was not designed by man.
Fox Sisters, The
Gautama, Prince Siddhartha
Gregory the Great
Gregory was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, probably one of the most famous and influential. He died in 604 CE.
Among his innovations were a new calendar, Gregorian chant, and the establishment of a body of trained singers affiliated with the Church called the Schola Cantorum. Since learning to read, write and perform music is a skilled trade, it behooved the churches and monastaries to have people do it who really knew what they were doing!
Henry VIII of England
I have not included a picture of Jesus because there is so much disagreement about what he looked like.
I expect he looked Jewish. But being fathered by Deity, who the heck knows?!?
I don't know if I believe that he was God stuffed into a body, or the offspring of God (like Zeus' daliances), or a magically created being surrogated by Mary, or even a human who was singled out early in life by Deity, nurtured and eventually annointed, kind of like a Vampire Slayer. I'm leaning toward the latter, especially since I believe that if something had happened to Jesus before his mission could be accomplished, there were others similarly equipped to carry on.
Roman Catholic priest. Teacher. Posted his "95 Theses" which sparked the Protestant Reformation.
RC saint. Patron of philosophy. Wrote Utopia in 1516. Became Lord Chancellor of England in 1529. In 1532 he resigned because he opposed the king over his divorce. He was beheaded for treason.
Prophet of Islam.
There are plenty of pictures of Muhammed the Prophet of Allah. But Since Muslims get very upset about seeing one, I have chosen to avoid that kind of publicity. Depictions of important figures are not expressly forbidden by the Qu'ran, but valued supplemental writings called hadith link images of Muhammad with the temptation for idolatry of him.
Muhammed married a woman fifteen years his senior after she proposed to him because of his good character. His beloved Khadija and his supportive uncle and childhood caretaker, Abu Talib, both died in 619, which Muhammed then called the 'year of sorrow'.
Muhammad is said to have been taught to read by the angel, Gabriel, in the lunar month of Ramadan of 610 so that he could understand the sacred tablets that were shown to him periodically over the course of the last 23 years of his life. He was a great diplomat and leader. His biography and quotations (sira) and traditions (sunnah) are preserved in the hadith.
He died at the age of 63 after a painful illness, and was buried in the house in Medina of his second wife, Aisha. This has now been built up into a shrine called the Mosque of the Prophet.
Roman philosopher. Student of Aristotle.
Lucius Annaneus Seneca was a Roman moralist of the first century CE. He was a lawyer, but after being banished to Corsica at 45 years old, he became Nero's tutor. When Nero became emperor of the Roman Empire, Seneca had much influence, but was charged with conspiracy and sentenced to suicide in 65 CE at the ripe old age of 69.
Just so you know, Seneca did not actually correspond with St. Paul (Saul of Tarsus). The letters were deemed to be written by someone else.